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Portland, OR
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Native plant sale

Screen Shot 2016-05-20 at 11.53.07 AMNative plants are better suited to our soil and climate conditions and so as a rule are much easier to grow than traditional landscaping plants. These important plant species also provide pollen, seeds and nectar that attract and nourish native birds, bees and butterflies. Natives also require much less fertilizers and water. A native landscape promotes biodiversity and natural stewardship, but most importantly it is beautiful!

Come visit thicket and see all the new lovely native plants on sale this weekend.

There are so so many options for great northwest natives to grow here in Portland.
Some of our favorite natives for NW gardens

Natives that we love:

Acer circinatum Vine Maple
Amelanchier alnifolia Western Serviceberry
Berberis nervosa Dull Oregon Grape
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea stolonifera) Red–osier Dogwood
Corylus cornuta Hazelnut
Gaultheria shallon Salal
Holodiscus discolor Ocean–spray
Oemleria cerasiformis Indian Plum
Physocarpus capitatus Pacific Ninebark
Ribes sanguineum Red Currant
Rubus parviflorus Thimbleberry
Rubus spectabilis Salmonberry
Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry
Symphoricarpos albus Common Snowberry
Vaccinium parvifolium Red Huckleberry
Berberis aquifolium Tall Oregon Grape
Euonymus occidentalis Western Wahoo
Lonicera hispidula Hairy Honeysuckle
Lonicera involucrata Black Twinberry
Malus fusca  Western Crabapple
Philadelphus lewisii Mockorange
Prunus virginiana Common Chokecherry
Ribes viscosissimum Sticky Currant
Rosa gymnocarpa Baldhip Rose
Rosa nutkana var. nutkana Nootka Rose
Rosa pisocarpa Swamp Rose
Rubus ursinus var. macropetalus Dewberry
Salix sitchensis Sitka Willow
Sambucus cerulea Blue Elderberry
Symphoricarpos mollis Creeping Snowberry
Viburnum ellipticum Oval–leaved Viburnum
Ceanothus sanguine us Oregon Tea–tree
Ceanothus velutinus var. laevigatus Mountain Balm
Ribes bracteosum Blue Currant
Ribes divaricatum Straggly Gooseberry
Ribes lobbii Pioneer Gooseberry
Rubus leucodermus Blackcap Raspberry
Vaccinium ovatum Evergreen Huckleberry

Achlys triphylla  Vanillaleaf
Adiantum aleuticum Northern Maidenhair Fern
Asarum caudatum Wild Ginger
Athyrium filix–femina Lady Fern
Carex deweyana ssp. leptopoda Dewey’s Sedge
Dicentra formosa Pacific Bleedingheart
Elymus glaucus Blue Wildrye
Elymus glaucus ssp. jepsonii Jepson’s Blue Wildrye
Galium aparine Cleavers
Hydrophyllum tenuipes Pacific Waterleaf
Linnaea borealis Twin flower
Moutia perfoliata Miner’s Lettuce
Montia sibirica Candy Flower
Oxalis oregana Oregon Oxalis
Petasites frigidus var. palmatus Palmate Coltsfoot
Polypodium glycyrrhiza Licorice Fern
Polystichum munitum Sword Fern
Prosartes hookeri Hooker’s Fair ybells
Prosartes smithii Smith’s Fair ybells
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Fern
Smilacina racemosa Western False Solomon’s Seal
Smilacina stellata Starry False Solomon’s Seal
Streptopus amplexifolius Clasping Twisted–stalk
Tellima grandiflora Fringecup
Tiarella trifoliata v. unifoliata Trefoil Tiarella
Tolmiea menziesii Pig–a–back
Trillium ovatum Western Trillium
Vancouveria hexandra White Inside–out Flower
Viola glabella Stream Violet
Actaea rubra Baneberry
Adenocaulon bicolor Pathfinder
Agoseris grandiflora Large–flowered Agoseris
Anemone deltoid Western White Anemone
Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading Dogbane
Aquilegia formosa Red Columbine
Aruncus sylvester  Goatsbeard
Aster modest us Few–flowered Aster
Aster subspicatus Douglas’s Aster
Blechnum spicant Deer Fern
Bromus carinatus California Brome–grass
Campanula scowler Scouler’s Bellflower
Cardamine angulata Angled Bittercress
Carex amplifolia Big–leaf Sedge
Carex hendersonii Henderson’s Wood Sedge
Cinna latifolia Woodreed
Circaea alpina Enchanters Nightshade
Coptis laciniata Cutleaf Goldthread
Cornus canadensis Bunchberry
Corydalis scouleri Western Corydalis
Dicentra formosa Pacific Bleedingheart
Disporum hookeri Hooker Fairy–bell
Disporum smithii Large–flowered Fairy–bell
Dryopteris arguta Wood Fern
Dryopteris expansa Spreading Wood Fern
Stachys cooleyea Cooley’s Hedge-nettle
Thalictrum occidentale Western Meadowrue
Tiarella trifoliata Laceflower
Trientalis latifolia Western Starflower
Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle
Vicia gigantea Giant Vetch
Anemone lyallii Small Wind–flower
Anemone oregana var. felix  Oregon Anemone
Boykinia occidentalis  Slender Boykinia
Calypso bulbosa Fairy Slipper
Cynoglossum grande Pacific Hound’s–tongue
Cypripedium montanum  Mountain Lady–slipper
Cystopteris fragilis Brittle Bladder Fern
Dicentra formosa ssp. oregana Oregon Bleeding Heart
Erythronium oregonum  Giant Fawn–lily
Goodyera oblongifolia Giant Rattlesnake–plantain
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Oak Fern
Lonicera ciliosa Trumpet Vin e
Nothochelone nemorosa Turtle Head
Sanicula crassicaulis Pacific Sanicle
Synthyris reniformis Snow Queen
Trillium chloropetalum Giant Trillium
Viola hallii Hall’s Violet
Viola sempervirens
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed
Festuca occidentalis Western Fescue–grass
Festuca subulata Bearded Fescue–grass
Fragaria vesca var. bracteata Wood Strawberry
Galium triflorum Sweetscented Bedstraw
Geum macrophyllum Oregon Avens
Heuchera micrantha  Smallflowered Alumroot
Hieracium albiflorum White–flowered Hawkweed
Iris tenax Oregon Iris
Ligusticum apiifolium Parsley–leaved Lovage
Ligusticum grayii Gray’s Lovage
Lilium columbianum Columbia Lily
Heracleum lanatum Cow–parsnip
Lupinus latifolius Broadleaf Lupine
Luzula campestris var. congesta Field Woodrush
Luzula parviflora Small–flowered Woodrush
Lysichitum americanum Skunk Cabbage
Maianthemum dilatatum False Lily–of–the–valley
Mertensia platyphylla Western Bluebells
Mitella caulescens Leafy Mitrewort
Mitella pentandra Five–stamened Mitrewort
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe
Montia parvifolia Streambank Springbeauty
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue–eyes
Oplopanax horridus Devil’s Club
Osmorhiza chilensis Mountain Sweet–root
Poa compressa Canada Bluegrass
Potentilla glandulosa Sticky Cinquefoil
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata Heal–all
Pyrola asarifolia Wintergreen
Satureja douglasii Yerba Buena
Scirpus microcarpus Small–fruited Bullrush

Chickens in the garden

IMG_5061

Chickens are a great addition to a garden but they pose some very real problems as well. If you currently have chickens you know that they can devour an astonishing amount of plants and can be very destructive in the garden digging and scratching for grubs and worms.

I’ve been advocating to growers to add a chicken safe symbol to plant tags similar to the one for deer but until that dream comes to fruition we have been compiling lists of plants that can both withstand the ravages of our tiny backyard dinosaurs as well as the ones that should be avoided as they can be toxic to our feathered friends.

People frequently ask us about poisonous plants that might affect their chickens and while there are many many common poisonous plants out there for both humans and chickens it is important to remember that there are relatively few cases of poisoned chickens in Portland. Some gardeners have reported to us that the supposed toxic plants are the ones that chickens avoid in the garden and so make ideal additions.

An important detail to consider is that a confined chicken with fewer sources of forage will be more likely to nibble toxic plants where a free range chicken with many options would be more likely to avoid the bad ones. Chickens also seem to have individual preferences so where one might like to eat the roses the next turns her beak up and won’t eat them.

Chickens will also sometimes destroy plants while searching for bugs. It looks as if they were eating the plants but they were really just eating aphids and insects on the undersides of leaves and rooting around in the soil for grubs.

No one knows your chickens like you do, careful observation of chicken habits is the best way to make for a heathy flock and a thriving garden.

Common plants toxic to chickens

Amanita mushrooms
Asclepsias
Castor Bean
Death Camas (this one is sort of a no brainer)
Jimsonweed
Pokeweed
Milkweed
Monkshood
Mother of Millions
Oleander
Poppies (Mexican especially)
Tobacco

Plants that are resistant to Chickens
(note some of these plants are on some toxic lists as well)

Herbs
Catmint
Chives
Lemon balm
Margoram
Mint
Oregano
Rosemary
Sage

Perennials
Agapanthus
Alchemelia
Anemone
Calla lily
Columbine
Crocosmia
Daylily
Daffodil
Echinacea
Feverfew
Fritillaria
Fuchsia
Geum
Goldenrod
Geranium
Hellebore
Iris
Monarda
Muscari
Phlox
Peony
Russian sage
Rudbekia
Sedum
Shasta daisy
Yarrow

Groundcovers
Epimedium
Carex
Cotonaster
Juniper
Korean rasberry
Lambs ear
Liriope
Plumbago
Sedum
St Johns wort
Sweet woodruff

Shrubs
Azelea
Barberry
Ceanothus
Choisya
Euonymus
Fatsia
Forsythia
Hebes
Honeysuckle (sometimes listed as toxic)
Hydrangea (sometimes listed as toxic)
Lavender
Lilac
Mahonia
Nandina
Osmanthus
Pine
Pittosporum
Rose (we have heard of chickens ravaging these)
Santolina
Salal
Spirea
Spurge
Viburnum
Weigela

Edible flowers

IMG_5187

Edible flowers add so much to a dish – color and texture as well as flavor. Use them simply as a garnish, or infuse into vinegars & liquors for the most flavor. Sprinkle them onto soups or casseroles, pastries and dips, bake them into the tops of breads, muffins or cakes and you can even freeze them into ice cubes for summer cocktails.

Flowers are ephemeral and are generally best when harvested in the cool morning hours after a good watering. Only organically grown flowers that you have identified without a doubt should be eaten.

Here are some of our favorite varieties:

Basil flowers are a bit bitter but still edible in the right dish and the colors are gorgeous.

Borage blossoms taste a bit like a cucumber and are a lovely addition to salads or pastries, they are gorgeous in summer cocktails and are a traditional addition to a pimms cup.

Bee balm flowers are wonderful in teas or as a spicier alternative to oregano.

Bergamot, if you are lucky to have some citrus blooming in your house you may not want to pick any but if you have plethora of blooms use them to infuse vinegars, sauces or liquors.

Carnations – there are many varieties all with their own characteristics but most have a subtle clove like scent.

Chives as well as any alliums can add a bit of zing to salads or any dish that need a bit of heat. Make a chive emulsion with lemon dijon and oil that will brighten many dishes.

Chamomile flowers are cute as a button, decorate cupcakes, toss into salads or teas or just pop in your mouth while you are weeding.

Cilantro blooms taste similar to the leaves with a bit of spice but their flavor dosn’t hold up to cooking so eat them fresh in salsas salads and cocktails. Pineapple cilantro sorbet really close to perfection.

Chicory is mild.

Cornflower or bachelor buttons have a slight clove taste, most commonly used as a garnish they can also be used as a food coloring with a beautiful blue hue.

Chervil flowers have more flavor then their mild leaves and are reminiscent of anise. I love cream of chervil soup with the flowers as a lovely accent.

Calendula or marigold can be used as a saffron substitute, it lacks the taste with more of a citrus tang but will add a lovely golden color to rice dishes. Their bright yellows and oranges are beautiful additions to a festive meal.

Clover flowers are profuse and lovely in salads jellies and wines.

Chysanthemum come in many shapes and sizes, their flavor ranges from dull to peppery but they always add a bit of color. They are often used in stir-fries.

Dill flowers are just as flavorful as the leaf maybe even more so, and are great with seafood or cheddar dill biscuits.

Daylilyies taste like a sweet melon. It is a mild flavor but it’s there. Try them stuffed with a soft cheese and fried. DO NOT eat other kinds of lilies as many are toxic.

Fennel has a sharp anise flavor, sprinkle them on salads, use in tea or dry them and serve in a little bowl as an after dinner mint.

Hibiscus flowers will make any meal seem extraordinary.

Lemon verbena blooms are wonderful in teas or desserts that need a little citrus scent. Make an infused oil for use later in the season.

Lavender aroma is strong so add it sparingly. Try it as a substitute for rosemary for a similar taste with more floral notes. It’s divine in a citrus based sorbet. Make a simple syrup for use in drinks, one of our favorites is mezcal with grapefruit, lavender syrup and a salt rim – yum!

Lilac is one of the sweetest tasting garden flowers. I like to dry them and place a few sprigs in my sugar pot to insure it with that intoxicating aroma, it’s lovely in a mild tea or cream cheese frosting.

Mint blossoms can be used just as the herb and just about anywhere. I love it in salsas, in a cucumber yogurt sauce, on green beans with feta, in chocolate chip cookies and in omelets with peas and a good hard cheese.

Marjoram blooms are similar in taste to thyme and are mild enough to use anyplace you want to add their subtle color.

Nasturshims are a peppery hot surprise given their delicate looking blooms. They are wonderful on salads or as garnish but adding them to a soft creamy cheese really brings out their flavor. You can also pickle the seeds for a spicy caper substitute.

Okra flowers are beautiful additions to lots of savory or sweet dishes. Use them to garnish masala or seafood stew.

Oregano blooms are slightly more bitter than the leaf but can be used in the same way. A pesto with hazelnuts and oregano is a lovely. I also love a sauce with citrus and oregano for sweet potatoes or squash.

Passionflower are an exotic addition to your dinner party.

Rosemary blooms are tiny but sill pack a bit of flavor. Try vodka infused with rosemary and habanero. It’s also beautiful sprinkled atop an apple pie or try infusing a honey lemon blend.

Roses can be eaten whole or the petals removed. They taste much like they smell and are wonderful steeped into liquors or to flair pastries. The romans would bury them in urns for a week then place them on the tables to bloom during dinner parties.

Sage flowers are big and beautiful blue blooms that can be used anywhere you would use sage. We love them baked into breads, or fried and used as a garnish, they also make a beautiful addition to white bean dips.

Sunflower petals add a lively burst of color if not a lot of taste.

Thyme flowers can be used just as the herb but are more tender than the woody stems so they make a beautiful presentation whole.

Viola and pansies are so sweet on sweets. Brushed with egg whites and dusted with sugar they can last and last.

Woodruff tastes dainty and sweet just the it looks.

You can also eat the flowers of many vegetables try:
Zucchini
Arugula
Broccoli
Cabbage

Native plant sale

Screen Shot 2016-05-20 at 11.53.07 AMNative plants are better suited to our soil and climate conditions and so as a rule are much easier to grow than traditional landscaping plants. These important plant species also provide pollen, seeds and nectar that attract and nourish native birds, bees and butterflies. Natives also require much less fertilizers and water. A native landscape promotes biodiversity and natural stewardship, but most importantly it is beautiful!

Come visit thicket and see all the new lovely native plants on sale this weekend.

There are so so many options for great northwest natives to grow here in Portland.
Some of our favorite natives for NW gardens

Natives that we love:

Acer circinatum Vine Maple
Amelanchier alnifolia Western Serviceberry
Berberis nervosa Dull Oregon Grape
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea stolonifera) Red–osier Dogwood
Corylus cornuta Hazelnut
Gaultheria shallon Salal
Holodiscus discolor Ocean–spray
Oemleria cerasiformis Indian Plum
Physocarpus capitatus Pacific Ninebark
Ribes sanguineum Red Currant
Rubus parviflorus Thimbleberry
Rubus spectabilis Salmonberry
Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry
Symphoricarpos albus Common Snowberry
Vaccinium parvifolium Red Huckleberry
Berberis aquifolium Tall Oregon Grape
Euonymus occidentalis Western Wahoo
Lonicera hispidula Hairy Honeysuckle
Lonicera involucrata Black Twinberry
Malus fusca  Western Crabapple
Philadelphus lewisii Mockorange
Prunus virginiana Common Chokecherry
Ribes viscosissimum Sticky Currant
Rosa gymnocarpa Baldhip Rose
Rosa nutkana var. nutkana Nootka Rose
Rosa pisocarpa Swamp Rose
Rubus ursinus var. macropetalus Dewberry
Salix sitchensis Sitka Willow
Sambucus cerulea Blue Elderberry
Symphoricarpos mollis Creeping Snowberry
Viburnum ellipticum Oval–leaved Viburnum
Ceanothus sanguine us Oregon Tea–tree
Ceanothus velutinus var. laevigatus Mountain Balm
Ribes bracteosum Blue Currant
Ribes divaricatum Straggly Gooseberry
Ribes lobbii Pioneer Gooseberry
Rubus leucodermus Blackcap Raspberry
Vaccinium ovatum Evergreen Huckleberry

Achlys triphylla  Vanillaleaf
Adiantum aleuticum Northern Maidenhair Fern
Asarum caudatum Wild Ginger
Athyrium filix–femina Lady Fern
Carex deweyana ssp. leptopoda Dewey’s Sedge
Dicentra formosa Pacific Bleedingheart
Elymus glaucus Blue Wildrye
Elymus glaucus ssp. jepsonii Jepson’s Blue Wildrye
Galium aparine Cleavers
Hydrophyllum tenuipes Pacific Waterleaf
Linnaea borealis Twin flower
Moutia perfoliata Miner’s Lettuce
Montia sibirica Candy Flower
Oxalis oregana Oregon Oxalis
Petasites frigidus var. palmatus Palmate Coltsfoot
Polypodium glycyrrhiza Licorice Fern
Polystichum munitum Sword Fern
Prosartes hookeri Hooker’s Fair ybells
Prosartes smithii Smith’s Fair ybells
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Fern
Smilacina racemosa Western False Solomon’s Seal
Smilacina stellata Starry False Solomon’s Seal
Streptopus amplexifolius Clasping Twisted–stalk
Tellima grandiflora Fringecup
Tiarella trifoliata v. unifoliata Trefoil Tiarella
Tolmiea menziesii Pig–a–back
Trillium ovatum Western Trillium
Vancouveria hexandra White Inside–out Flower
Viola glabella Stream Violet
Actaea rubra Baneberry
Adenocaulon bicolor Pathfinder
Agoseris grandiflora Large–flowered Agoseris
Anemone deltoid Western White Anemone
Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading Dogbane
Aquilegia formosa Red Columbine
Aruncus sylvester  Goatsbeard
Aster modest us Few–flowered Aster
Aster subspicatus Douglas’s Aster
Blechnum spicant Deer Fern
Bromus carinatus California Brome–grass
Campanula scowler Scouler’s Bellflower
Cardamine angulata Angled Bittercress
Carex amplifolia Big–leaf Sedge
Carex hendersonii Henderson’s Wood Sedge
Cinna latifolia Woodreed
Circaea alpina Enchanters Nightshade
Coptis laciniata Cutleaf Goldthread
Cornus canadensis Bunchberry
Corydalis scouleri Western Corydalis
Dicentra formosa Pacific Bleedingheart
Disporum hookeri Hooker Fairy–bell
Disporum smithii Large–flowered Fairy–bell
Dryopteris arguta Wood Fern
Dryopteris expansa Spreading Wood Fern
Stachys cooleyea Cooley’s Hedge-nettle
Thalictrum occidentale Western Meadowrue
Tiarella trifoliata Laceflower
Trientalis latifolia Western Starflower
Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle
Vicia gigantea Giant Vetch
Anemone lyallii Small Wind–flower
Anemone oregana var. felix  Oregon Anemone
Boykinia occidentalis  Slender Boykinia
Calypso bulbosa Fairy Slipper
Cynoglossum grande Pacific Hound’s–tongue
Cypripedium montanum  Mountain Lady–slipper
Cystopteris fragilis Brittle Bladder Fern
Dicentra formosa ssp. oregana Oregon Bleeding Heart
Erythronium oregonum  Giant Fawn–lily
Goodyera oblongifolia Giant Rattlesnake–plantain
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Oak Fern
Lonicera ciliosa Trumpet Vin e
Nothochelone nemorosa Turtle Head
Sanicula crassicaulis Pacific Sanicle
Synthyris reniformis Snow Queen
Trillium chloropetalum Giant Trillium
Viola hallii Hall’s Violet
Viola sempervirens
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed
Festuca occidentalis Western Fescue–grass
Festuca subulata Bearded Fescue–grass
Fragaria vesca var. bracteata Wood Strawberry
Galium triflorum Sweetscented Bedstraw
Geum macrophyllum Oregon Avens
Heuchera micrantha  Smallflowered Alumroot
Hieracium albiflorum White–flowered Hawkweed
Iris tenax Oregon Iris
Ligusticum apiifolium Parsley–leaved Lovage
Ligusticum grayii Gray’s Lovage
Lilium columbianum Columbia Lily
Heracleum lanatum Cow–parsnip
Lupinus latifolius Broadleaf Lupine
Luzula campestris var. congesta Field Woodrush
Luzula parviflora Small–flowered Woodrush
Lysichitum americanum Skunk Cabbage
Maianthemum dilatatum False Lily–of–the–valley
Mertensia platyphylla Western Bluebells
Mitella caulescens Leafy Mitrewort
Mitella pentandra Five–stamened Mitrewort
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe
Montia parvifolia Streambank Springbeauty
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue–eyes
Oplopanax horridus Devil’s Club
Osmorhiza chilensis Mountain Sweet–root
Poa compressa Canada Bluegrass
Potentilla glandulosa Sticky Cinquefoil
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata Heal–all
Pyrola asarifolia Wintergreen
Satureja douglasii Yerba Buena
Scirpus microcarpus Small–fruited Bullrush

 
© thicket 2016